Technical specifications

Toyota Tundra 4x2 Double Cab Long SR5 Plus 5.7L

Toyota Tundra 2019
MSRP: $39,625
Year Style See the inventory See the articles

Overview

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Vehicle
Emissions
G/km Of CO2 Emissions: 371
Kg/yr of CO2 Emissions @ 20K km/year: N/A
Chassis
Weight Information
Standard Weight - Front: 0 lbs
Standard Weight - Rear: 0 lbs
Gross Axle Wt Rating - Front: 3900 lbs
Gross Axle Wt Rating - Rear: 4000 lbs
Curb Weight - Front: N/A lbs
Curb Weight - Rear: N/A lbs
Option Weight - Front: 0.00 lbs
Option Weight - Rear: 0.00 lbs
Reserve Axle Capacity - Front: N/A lbs
Reserve Axle Capacity - Rear: N/A lbs
As Spec'd Curb Weight: N/A lbs
As Spec'd Payload: N/A lbs
Maximum Payload Capacity: N/A lbs
Gross Combined Wt Rating: N/A lbs
Gross Axle Weight Rating: 7900.00 lbs
Curb Weight: N/A lbs
Reserve Axle Capacity: N/A lbs
Total Option Weight: 0.00 lbs
Payload Weight Front: 0 lbs
Payload Weight Rear: 0 lbs
Gross Vehicle Weight Rating: 7000.00 lbs
Trailering
Dead Weight Hitch - Max Trailer Wt.: 5000 lbs
Dead Weight Hitch - Max Tongue Wt.: 500 lbs
Wt Distributing Hitch - Max Trailer Wt.: 9401 lbs
Wt Distributing Hitch - Max Tongue Wt.: 940 lbs
Fifth Wheel Hitch - Max Trailer Wt.: N/A lbs
Maximum Trailering Capacity: 9401 lbs
Fifth Wheel Hitch - Max Tongue Wt.: N/A lbs
Frame
Frame Type: N/A
Sect Modulus Rails Only: N/A in³
Frame RBM: N/A N/A
Frame Strength: N/A lbs
Frame Thickness: N/A in
Suspension
Suspension Type - Front: Double Wishbone
Suspension Type - Rear: Leaf
Spring Capacity - Front: N/A lbs
Spring Capacity - Rear: N/A lbs
Axle Type - Front: Independent
Axle Type - Rear: Rigid Axle
Axle Capacity - Front: N/A lbs
Axle Capacity - Rear: N/A lbs
Axle Ratio (:1) - Front: 4.30
Axle Ratio (:1) - Rear: 4.30
Shock Absorber Diameter - Front: N/A mm
Shock Absorber Diameter - Rear: N/A mm
Stabilizer Bar Diameter - Front: N/A in
Stabilizer Bar Diameter - Rear: N/A in
Tires
Front Tire Order Code:
Rear Tire Order Code:
Spare Tire Order Code:
Front Tire Size: P275/65TR18
Rear Tire Size: P275/65TR18
Spare Tire Size: Full-Size
Front Tire Capacity: N/A lbs
Rear Tire Capacity: N/A lbs
Spare Tire Capacity: N/A lbs
Revolutions/Mile @ 45 mph - Front: N/A Rev/Mile
Revolutions/Mile @ 45 mph - Rear: N/A Rev/Mile
Revolutions/Mile @ 45 mph - Spare: N/A Rev/Mile
Wheels
Front Wheel Size: 18 X 8 in
Rear Wheel Size: 18 X 8 in
Spare Wheel Size: Full-Size in
Front Wheel Material: Styled Steel
Rear Wheel Material: Styled Steel
Spare Wheel Material: Steel
Steering
Steering Type: Rack-Pinion
Steering Ratio (:1), On Centre: N/A
Steering Ratio (:1), At Lock: N/A
Turning Diameter - Curb to Curb: 49 ft
Turning Diameter - Wall to Wall: N/A ft
Brakes
Brake Type: 4-Wheel Disc
Brake ABS System: 4-Wheel
Brake ABS System (Second Line): 4-Wheel
Disc - Front (Yes or ): Yes
Disc - Rear (Yes or ): Yes
Front Brake Rotor Diam x Thickness: 13.9 in
Rear Brake Rotor Diam x Thickness: 13.6 in
Drum - Rear (Yes or ):
Rear Drum Diam x Width: in
Fuel Tank
Fuel Tank Capacity, Approx: 143.8 L
Aux Fuel Tank Capacity, Approx: N/A L
Fuel Tank Location: N/A
Aux Fuel Tank Location: N/A
Powertrain
Transmission
Drivetrain: Rear Wheel Drive
Trans Order Code:
Trans Type: 6
Trans Description Cont.: Automatic w/OD
Trans Description Cont. Again:
First Gear Ratio (:1): 3.33
Second Gear Ratio (:1): 1.96
Third Gear Ratio (:1): 1.35
Fourth Gear Ratio (:1): 1.00
Fifth Gear Ratio (:1): 0.73
Sixth Gear Ratio (:1): 0.59
Reverse Ratio (:1): 3.06
Clutch Size: N/A in
Trans Power Take Off: N/A
Final Drive Axle Ratio (:1): N/A
Transfer Case Model: None
Transfer Case Gear Ratio (:1), High: N/A
Transfer Case Gear Ratio (:1), Low: N/A
Transfer Case Power Take Off: No
Mileage
EnerGuide Estimate - City: 17.7 L/100 km
EnerGuide Estimate - Hwy: 13.6 L/100 km
Cruising Range - City: 1909.93 mi
Cruising Range - Hwy: 2485.72 mi
Engine
Engine Order Code:
Engine Type: Regular Unleaded V-8
Displacement: 5.7 L/346
Fuel System: Sequential MPI
SAE Net Horsepower @ RPM: 381 @ 5600
SAE Net Torque @ RPM: 401 @ 3600
Engine Oil Cooler: Regular Duty
Electrical
Cold Cranking Amps @ 0° F (Primary): 710
Cold Cranking Amps @ 0° F (2nd): 710
Maximum Alternator Capacity (amps): 170
Cold Cranking Amps @ 0° F (3rd): N/A
Cooling System
Total Cooling System Capacity: N/A qts
Dimensions
Interior Dimensions
Passenger Capacity: 6
Front Head Room: 39.7 in
Front Leg Room: 42.5 in
Front Shoulder Room: 65.7 in
Front Hip Room: 62.6 in
Second Head Room: 38.7 in
Second Leg Room: 34.7 in
Second Shoulder Room: 65.6 in
Second Hip Room: 61.6 in
Exterior Dimensions
Wheelbase: 164.6 in
Length, Overall w/o rear bumper: N/A in
Length, Overall: 247.8 in
Width, Max w/o mirrors: 79.9 in
Height, Overall: 75.6 in
Overhang, Front: N/A in
Overhang, Rear w/o bumper: 47.9 in
Front Bumper to Back of Cab: N/A in
Cab to Axle: 38.9 in
Cab to End of Frame: N/A in
Ground to Top of Load Floor: 34.1 in
Ground to Top of Frame: N/A in
Frame Width, Rear: N/A in
Ground Clearance, Front: 10.2 in
Ground Clearance, Rear: 10.2 in
Body Length: 0.00 ft
Cab to Body: N/A in
Cargo Area Dimensions
Cargo Box Length @ Floor: 97.6 in
Cargo Box Width @ Top, Rear: 66.4 in
Cargo Box Width @ Floor: 66.4 in
Cargo Box Width @ Wheelhousings: 50 in
Cargo Box (Area) Height: 22.2 in
Tailgate Width: N/A in
Cargo Volume: N/A ft³
Ext'd Cab Cargo Volume: N/A ft³

Color combinations

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Exterior
Barcelona Red Metallic
Interior
Black
Exterior
Super White
Interior
Black
Exterior
Midnight Black Metallic
Interior
Black

Standard equipment

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MECHANICAL
Engine: 5.7L V8 DOHC 32V SMPI w/Dual VVT-i -inc: i-FORCE, Electronic Throttle Control System w/intelligence (ETCS-i), crank hold electronic starter control, engine oil cooler, Tier 2 Bin 5 emissions rating, heavy duty battery, starter, alternator and heater, hood struts and stainless steel exhaust system
Transmission: Super ECT 6-Speed Automatic -inc: overdrive, sequential shift mode, tow/haul mode, lock up torque converter, transmission cooler and automatic transmission fluid warmer
4.30 Axle Ratio
Regular Ride Suspension -inc: Front double wishbone type, gas shock absorbers, coil springs and stabilizer bar, Rear heavy duty multi leaf springs and bias mounted gas shock absorbers
GVWR: 3,175 kgs (7,000 lbs)
Rear-Wheel Drive
Engine Oil Cooler
710CCA Maintenance-Free Battery
170 Amp Alternator
Class IV Towing Equipment -inc: Hitch, Brake Controller and Trailer Sway Control
Trailer Wiring Harness
1709# Maximum Payload
Hydraulic Power-Assist Speed-Sensing Steering
143.8 L Fuel Tank
Single Exhaust
4-Wheel Disc Brakes w/4-Wheel ABS, Front And Rear Vented Discs and Brake Assist
Brake Actuated Limited Slip Differential
EXTERIOR
Wheels: 18" Styled Steel w/Wheel Locks
Tires: 275/65R18 All Season
Regular Box Style
Wheels w/Silver Accents w/Hub Covers
Steel Spare Wheel
Full-Size Spare Tire Stored Underbody w/Crankdown
Clearcoat Paint
Chrome Front Bumper w/Black Rub Strip/Fascia Accent
Chrome Rear Step Bumper w/Black Rub Strip/Fascia Accent
Black Side Windows Trim, Black Front Windshield Trim and Black Rear Window Trim
Black Door Handles
Black Power Heated Side Mirrors w/Manual Folding
Fixed Rear Window
Deep Tinted Glass
Variable Intermittent Wipers w/Heated Wiper Park
Front Windshield -inc: Sun Visor Strip
Fully Galvanized Steel Panels
Splash Guards
Black Grille w/Chrome Surround
Front License Plate Bracket
Tailgate Rear Cargo Access
Manual Tailgate/Rear Door Lock
Manual-Leveling Auto Off Aero-Composite Halogen Daytime Running Auto High-Beam Headlamps
Cargo Lamp w/High Mount Stop Light
Perimeter/Approach Lights
ENTERTAINMENT
Radio: AM/FM/CD/MP3/WMA -inc: audio auxiliary input jack, USB audio input, Bluetooth capability, 6 speakers, antenna pole and 6.1" display audio
Radio w/Seek-Scan, Clock, Speed Compensated Volume Control, Steering Wheel Controls and Voice Activation
2 LCD Monitors In The Front
Turn-By-Turn Navigation Directions
INTERIOR
Front Bench Seat -inc: 4-way manual adjustable passenger seat
4-Way Driver Seat -inc: Manual Recline and Fore/Aft Movement
Passenger Seat
60-40 Folding Split-Bench Front Facing Fold-Up Cushion Rear Seat
Manual Tilt/Telescoping Steering Column
Gauges -inc: Speedometer, Odometer, Voltmeter, Oil Pressure, Engine Coolant Temp, Tachometer, Transmission Fluid Temp, Trip Odometer and Trip Computer
Manual Rear Windows
Front Cupholder
Rear Cupholder
Remote Keyless Entry w/4 Door Curb/Courtesy and Panic Button
Cruise Control w/Steering Wheel Controls
Distance Pacing
Manual Air Conditioning
HVAC -inc: Underseat Ducts
Illuminated Locking Glove Box
Driver Foot Rest
Interior Trim -inc: Metal-Look Instrument Panel Insert, Metal-Look Door Panel Insert and Metal-Look Interior Accents
Full Cloth Headliner
Urethane Gear Shifter Material
Fabric Seat Surfaces
Day-Night Rearview Mirror
Driver And Passenger Visor Vanity Mirrors w/Driver And Passenger Illumination, Driver And Passenger Auxiliary Mirror
Mini Overhead Console w/Storage and 3 12V DC Power Outlets
Front And Rear Map Lights
Delay Off Interior Lighting
Full Carpet Floor Covering -inc: Vinyl/Rubber Front And Rear Floor Mats
Pickup Cargo Box Lights
Dashboard Storage, Driver / Passenger And Rear Door Bins, 1st Row Underseat Storage and 2nd Row Underseat Storage
Manual 1st Row Windows
Delayed Accessory Power
Power Door Locks w/Autolock Feature
Systems Monitor
Trip Computer
Outside Temp Gauge
Analog Display
Seats w/Cloth Back Material
Manual Adjustable Front Head Restraints and Manual Adjustable Rear Head Restraints
Front Centre Armrest w/Storage
1 Seatback Storage Pocket
Engine Immobilizer
3 12V DC Power Outlets
Air Filtration
SAFETY
Electronic Stability Control (ESC)
ABS And Driveline Traction Control
Side Impact Beams
Dual Stage Driver And Passenger Seat-Mounted Side Airbags
Toyota Safety Sense P
Lane Departure Alert (LDA) Lane Departure Warning
Low Tire Pressure Warning
Dual Stage Driver And Passenger Front Airbags
Curtain 1st And 2nd Row Airbags
Airbag Occupancy Sensor
Driver And Passenger Knee Airbag
Rear Child Safety Locks
Outboard Front Lap And Shoulder Safety Belts -inc: Rear Centre 3 Point, Height Adjusters and Pretensioners
Back-Up Camera

Options

AIR CONDITIONING EXCISE TAX
FEDERAL AIR CONDITIONING EXCISE TAX
OPTION PACKAGE
TUNDRA SR5 PLUS GRADE
PRIMARY PAINT
SUPER WHITE
MIDNIGHT BLACK METALLIC
BARCELONA RED METALLIC
PAINT SCHEME
STANDARD PAINT
SEAT TRIM
BLACK, FABRIC SEAT SURFACES
PORT INSTALLED OPTIONS
CHROME ACCESSORY PACKAGE / -inc: Chrome Side Step Bars, Exhaust Tip, Chrome Door Handles, Chrome Mirrors / (PPO)

Consumer information

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Warranty
Basic Years
3
Basic Miles/km
60,000
Drivetrain Years
5
Drivetrain Miles/km
100,000
Corrosion Years
5
Corrosion Miles/km
Unlimited
Roadside Assistance Years
3
Roadside Assistance Miles/km
Unlimited
Recall
NHTSA CAMPAIGN ID
18V685000
Mfg's Report Date
OCT 03, 2018
Component
AIR BAGS
Potential Number of Units Affected
168187
Summary
Toyota Motor Engineering & Manufacturing (Toyota) is recalling certain 2018-2019 Toyota Tundra and Sequoia vehicles and 2019 Toyota Avalon and Avalon Hybrid vehicles. The air bag electronic control unit (ECU) may erroneously detect a fault during the vehicle start-up self check. If this occurs, the ECU may not deploy the airbags as intended, in the event of a crash. As such, these vehicles fail to comply with the requirements of Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (FMVSS) number 208, "Occupant Crash Protection," and 214, "Side Impact Protection."
Consequence
If the air bags do not deploy as intended, it can increase the risk of injury in a crash.
Remedy
Toyota will notify owners, and dealers will update the software for the air bag ECU, free of charge. The recall began October 26, 2018. Owners may contact Toyota customer service at 1-888-270-9371. Toyota's number for this recall is J0X. Note: 18V-122 was superseded by this recall. The software remedy also includes the updates to the software for 18V-122.
Dates of Manufacture
AUG 02, 2017 to SEP 25, 2018
Manufacturer Recall No.
J0X
NHTSA CAMPAIGN ID
18V900000
Mfg's Report Date
DEC 18, 2018
Component
EQUIPMENT:OTHER:LABELS
Potential Number of Units Affected
280
Summary
Toyota Motor Engineering & Manufacturing (Toyota) is recalling certain 2019 Toyota Tundra standard and long bed trucks equipped with a spray-in bed liner. The load carrying capacity modification label may have been incorrectly calculated. If the label is followed, the vehicle may be overloaded. As such, these vehicles fail to comply with the requirements of Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (FMVSS) number 110, "Tire Selection and Rims."
Consequence
An overloaded vehicle can increase the risk of a crash.
Remedy
Toyota has notified owners, and provided corrected load carrying capacity labels, free of charge. The recall began on January 24, 2019. The recall number is J08. Owners may contact Toyota customer service at 1-888-270-9371.
Dates of Manufacture
AUG 03, 2018 to SEP 20, 2018
Manufacturer Recall No.
J08
NHTSA CAMPAIGN ID
20V410000
Mfg's Report Date
JUL 14, 2020
Component
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM:WIRING
Potential Number of Units Affected
183397
Summary
Toyota Motor Engineering & Manufacturing (Toyota) is recalling certain 2018-2020 Toyota Tundra vehicles equipped with LED headlight assemblies. Due to a wiring error, the front turn signals may not flash brightly enough. As such, these vehicles fail to comply with the requirements of Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (FMVSS) number 108, "Lamps, Reflective Devices, and Associated Equipment."
Consequence
If the turn signals or hazard lamps do not flash brightly enough, other drivers may fail to see that the turn signal or hazard lamp functions have been activated, increasing the risk of a crash.
Remedy
Toyota will notify owners, and dealers will modify the wire harness connected to the front turn signal bulbs free of charge. The recall began August 17, 2020. Owners may contact Toyota customer service at 1-800-270-9371. Toyota's number for this recall is 20TB12/20TA12.
Manufacturer Recall No.
20TB12/20TA12
NHTSA CAMPAIGN ID
20V682000
Mfg's Report Date
NOV 03, 2020
Component
FUEL SYSTEM, GASOLINE:DELIVERY:FUEL PUMP
Potential Number of Units Affected
1525742
Summary
Toyota Motor Engineering & Manufacturing (Toyota) is recalling certain 2018-2019 4Runner, 2019-2020 Avalon, 2019 Corolla Hatchback, 2017-2019 Highlander, 2018-2020 Camry, 2020 Corolla, 2018-2019 Land Cruiser, 2017-2020 Tacoma, 2019-2020 RAV4, 2019-2020 Sequoia, 2017-2020 Sienna, 2019-2020 Tundra, 2018-2020 Lexus ES350, 2017 Lexus GS200t, 2017-2019 Lexus GS350, 2019 Lexus GS300, 2018-2020 Lexus LC500h, 2019-2020 Lexus LS500, 2018-2019 Lexus GX460, 2017 Lexus IS200t, 2019 Lexus IS300, 2019 Lexus IS350, 2018-2020 Lexus LC500, 2018 Lexus LS500, 2019 Lexus LS500h, 2018-2019 Lexus LX570, 2017 Lexus RC200t, 2019 Lexus RC300, RC350, 2017 and 2019-2020 Lexus RX350, 2018-2020 RX350L, 2019 Lexus UX200, 2018-2019 Lexus NX300 vehicles. The low-pressure fuel pump inside the fuel tank may fail.
Consequence
If the fuel pump fails, the engine can stall while driving, increasing the risk of a crash.
Remedy
Toyota will notify owners, and dealers will replace the fuel pump assembly with an improved one, free of charge. Interim notices informing owners of the safety risk were mailed beginning November 23, 2020. Owners will receive a second notice when the remedy becomes available. Owners may contact Toyota customer service at 1-888-270-9371 or Lexus customer service at 1-800-255-3987. Note: This recall is an expansion of recall 20V-012. Toyota's number for this recall is 20TA02. Lexus' number for this recall is 20LA01.
Manufacturer Recall No.
20TA02, 20LA01
NHTSA CAMPAIGN ID
20V012000
Mfg's Report Date
JAN 12, 2020
Component
FUEL SYSTEM, GASOLINE:DELIVERY:FUEL PUMP
Potential Number of Units Affected
1830752
Summary
Toyota Motor Engineering & Manufacturing (Toyota) recalled certain 2018-2019 4Runner, Highlander, Camry, Land Cruiser, Sequoia, Sienna, Tacoma and Tundra, and Lexus RC 300, RC 350, GS 350, GX 460, IS 300, LC 500, LS 500, LX 570, RX 350L, and 2019 Toyota Avalon and Corolla, and certain Lexus NX 300, and ES 350 vehicles on January 13, 2020. On March 4, 2020, Toyota expanded the recall to include certain 2014-2015 Toyota 4Runner and Land Cruiser, 2018 Avalon, Corolla, 2014 FJ Cruiser, 2017 Sienna and Lexus 2018 ES 350, 2018-2019 GS 300, 2013-2014 GS350, 2014-2015 GX 460, IS 350 and LX 570, 2014 IS F, 2018-2019 IS 350, LC 500H and LS 500H, 2013-2015 LS 460, 2015 NX 200T and RC350, 2017 RC 200T and RX 350. Toyota also removed the 2018-2019 Toyota 4Runner and Land Cruiser and 2018-2019 Lexus GX 460 and LX 570 and 2019 NX300 from inclusion in this recall. On March 19, 2020, Toyota expanded the recall to include 2015 Lexus GS350 vehicles. The low-pressure fuel pump inside the fuel tank may ...
Consequence
If the fuel pump fails, the engine can stall while driving, increasing the risk of a crash.
Remedy
Toyota will notify owners, and dealers will replace the fuel pump, free of charge. The recall began May 4, 2020. Owners may contact Toyota customer service at 1-888-270-9371 or Lexus customer service at 1-800-255-3987. Toyota's numbers for this recall are 20TB02 and 20TA02 for Toyota vehicles and 20LB01 and 20LA01 for Lexus vehicles.
Manufacturer Recall No.
20TB02/20TA02/20LB01
NHTSA CAMPAIGN ID
19V244000
Mfg's Report Date
MAR 26, 2019
Component
EQUIPMENT:OTHER:LABELS
Potential Number of Units Affected
3634
Summary
Gulf States Toyota (GST) is recalling certain 2019 C-HR, 4Runner, Avalon, Avalon Hybrid, Camry, Camry Hybrid, Highlander, Land Cruiser, Prius, RAV4, Sequoia, Tacoma, Sienna, Tundra and Yaris vehicles. The text on the load capacity label may become illegible. As such, these vehicles fail to comply with the requirements of Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (FMVSS) number 110, "Tire Selection and Rims."
Consequence
If the driver cannot read the label, they may unknowingly overload the vehicle, increasing the risk of a crash.
Remedy
GST will notify owners, and dealers will provide corrected load carrying capacity modification labels, free of charge. The recall began May 24, 2019. Owners may contact GST customer service at 1-800-444-1074. GST's number for this recall is 19R1.
Dates of Manufacture
FEB 20, 2019 to FEB 26, 2019
Manufacturer Recall No.
19R1
NHTSA CAMPAIGN ID
18V711000
Mfg's Report Date
OCT 10, 2018
Component
EQUIPMENT:OTHER:LABELS
Potential Number of Units Affected
508
Summary
Toyota Motor Engineering & Manufacturing (Toyota) is recalling certain 2018-2019 Toyota Tundra vehicles. The accessory all-weather floormats may have been counted twice when creating the load carrying capacity modification label, resulting in the capacity modification label incorrectly overstating the additional weight by 10 pounds. As such, these vehicles fail to comply with the requirements of Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (FMVSS) number 110, "Tire Selection and Rims."
Consequence
Since the incorrect label is not within 1% of the additional weight, the vehicles are not compliant with the FMVSS.
Remedy
All vehicle owners will be sent a corrected label. Owners may contact Toyota customer service at 1-888-270-9371. Toyota's number for this recall is J0Z.
Dates of Manufacture
AUG 07, 2017 to AUG 19, 2018
Manufacturer Recall No.
J0Z
News - Crash Test Results
Overall Rating
* * * *
Overall Frontal Barrier Crash Rating
* * * *
Frontal Barrier Crash Rating Driver
* * * *
Frontal Barrier Crash Rating Passenger
* * * *
Overall Side Crash Rating
* * * * *
Side Barrier Rating
* * * * *
Side Barrier Rating Driver
* * * * *
Side Barrier Rating Passenger Rear Seat
* * * * *
Side Pole Rating Driver Front Seat
* * * * *
Male/Female Dummy Note
Male: Average sized adult male dummy in 35-MPH crash into fixed barrier. Rating is evaluation of injury to head, neck, chest, legs. Female: Small-sized adult female dummy in 35-mph crash into fixed barrier. Rating is evaluation of injury to head, neck, chest, legs.
Combined Side Rating Front Seat
* * * * *
Combined Side Rating Rear Seat
* * * * *
Rollover Rating
* * *
Rollover Rating Dynamic Test Result
No Tip
Risk of Rollover
21.90%
Rollover Note
Dynamic (moving) test results (Tip or No Tip) and measured rollover-related properties determine vehicle's risk of rollover in single vehicle crash and its rollover rating. The Rollover Resistance Rating utilizes a "fishhook" maneuver which is a series of abrupt turns at varying speeds to see how "top-heavy" a vehicle is.